Focused CHA Reports

Focused Community Health Assessment (CHA) Reports on specific populations in the Winnipeg Health Region are produced and released on an ongoing basis. The Research and Evaluation Unit plays a lead role in producing these focused reports with significant input from the Regional CHA Committee and other relevant stakeholders and community members. The reports provide in depth analysis of community health issues of interest to the Winnipeg Health Region (WHR).

Part of the purpose of a focused report is to help identify community health assets and issues to assist in setting health objectives. It also identifies “community” as populations sharing common interests, characteristics or experiences relevant to understanding health services needs.

Health of Immigrants and Refugees in the Winnipeg Health Region: A Community Health Assessment Resource for Health Services Planning (2010)

The report on the health of immigrant and refugees in the Winnipeg Health Region (WHR) is the first in a series of focused Community Health Assessment reports produced as a part of the WHR’s community health assessment process. The first focused CHA Report identifies key issues that decision makers need to be aware of when preparing to address the health needs of the increasing immigrant and refugee populations of Manitoba. The Report integrates local and national evidence from a number of sources (e.g., Government of Manitoba Department of Labour and Immigration, Citizenship and Immigration Canada, national reports and related research, existing WRHA concept papers and internal reports, and Community Health Action Council discussions of immigrant and refugees activities within Community Areas).

The report is divided into two sections. In Part ONE: Setting the Context we report that Manitoba now has the highest rate of immigration in the country, even though the number of immigrants to Manitoba may be small compared to many other larger Canadian centres. Demographic data provide insights into needed health services for this population (young, from war affected countries, non-English or French speaking) and, that they are diverse representing all world areas.

In Part TWO: Developing an Evidence-informed Response we outline the key health issues affecting immigrants and refugees and identify priorities and key principles for development of service responses in the Winnipeg region. There is growing evidence that newcomer populations are among those who experience inequitable access or treatment. We also find how quickly after arrival in Canada the health of some immigrant and refugee groups declines. The challenges currently experienced by both newcomer communities and the providers caring for them can be expected to increase.

Already the identification of health issues for our newcomer population in the WHR has supported the opening of the WRHA-operated, BridgeCare Clinic (opened November 23, 2010) which is helping to mitigate the challenges being experienced.

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