What is Diabetes?



Diabetes occurs when your body cannot properly use and store the glucose from the food you have eaten. This causes the glucose to stay in your blood. When your blood sugar gets too high you may feel tired and thirsty with a frequent need to urinate.

There are three main types of diabetes:

Type 1 Diabetes

The pancreas is unable to make any insulin. People with this type of diabetes must inject insulin.

Type 2 Diabetes

The pancreas still makes insulin, but it does not make enough, or the body is not able to use the insulin properly. To control this type of diabetes people need to eat healthy foods, be active, check their blood sugar and in some cases take pills or insulin.

Gestational Diabetes

Develops during pregnancy. The pancreas still makes insulin, but because of pregnancy hormones, the body is not able to use the insulin properly. Although this type of diabetes usually goes away after the baby is born, women who have gestational diabetes are more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes later in life. To control this type of diabetes women need to eat healthy foods and be active. They need to check their blood sugar and in some cases take insulin.

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