Diabetes

Help us improve programs for people living with diabetes

We need the voice of those living with diabetes who struggle with the demands of diabetes management. That’s where you come in. Do you have diabetes (pre-diabetes) or do you see clients with diabetes?  

If so, please fill in this online survey:

The results will help us improve programs and supports for people living with diabetes.

Surveys filled out prior to March 15, 2017 will be eligible to enter a draw for $175 gift card from Canadian Footwear. Please fill your contact information for the prize draw. (Please note: survey responses will remain confidential)

Thank you so much for helping to build an excellent system of care for those with diabetes. For more information or PDF copy of the survey, please contact the WRHA Chronic Disease Collaborative (mmeade@wrha.mb.ca).

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is a disease that results in the destruction of cells that produce insulin. Treatment always requires insulin replacement therapy either by injections or continuous infusion.

Because it is most often diagnosed in children and young adults, historically, type 1 diabetes was called 'juvenile-onset' or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). Type 1 diabetes accounts for about 10% of all diagnosed diabetes.

There is no known effective prevention for Type 1 diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is commonly characterized by the 3 different defects including:

  1. Insulin resistance: Insulin produced by the pancreas does not work properly
  2. Insulin deficiency: Not enough insulin is produced
  3. Excess hepatic glucose production or too much glucose produced by the liver which adds to the amount of glucose in the bloodstream

Type 2 diabetes was previously called non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or 'adult-onset' diabetes. This term no longer applies as type 2 diabetes has recently been recognized in children.

The majority of all people with diabetes are older adults who have type 2 diabetes. Treatment can vary from lifestyle management to the inclusion of 5 classes of anti-diabetes medication to the use of insulin.

Risk for type 2 diabetes increases with family history, age, body weight and sedentary lifestyle. Research has shown that type 2 diabetes can be delayed and maybe even prevented with regular exercise and even a moderate weight loss.

Other Types of Diabetes

Other types of diabetes are less common and are often related to other diseases or treatments for other diseases. Diabetes that is first recognized during pregnancy is called gestational diabetes and often resolves once the baby is born.

Women who had diabetes during a pregnancy are at higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes.

Get Tested For Diabetes If You:

  • Are 40 years old or over

  • Have a first-degree relative who already has diabetes.

  • Are a member of a high-risk population, such as those of Aboriginal, Hispanic, Asian, South Asian, or African descent.

  • Have a history of higher than normal blood glucose such as IGT (impaired glucose tolerance), IFG (impaired fasting glucose) or prediabetes.

  • Have already some evidence of the complications of diabetes such as eye, nerve or kidney problems.

  • Have heart disease.

  • Have a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (diabetes first recognized during pregnancy)

  • Have high blood pressure or high cholesterol.

  • Are overweight, especially around the middle

Testing for diabetes is generally fast and relatively painless but it can only be diagnosed with blood taken from your vein. Talk to your doctor or primary care provider about your risk and need to be tested.

If You Have Diabetes or Care About Someone Who Does

Eating healthy food in the right portions at the right time, getting regular exercise, being tobacco free, dealing with stress, taking prescribed medication and checking in with your diabetes health care team are all important ways to stay as healthy as possible.

It takes a great deal of time and effort to master all of the skills and behaviours for optimal diabetes management. Even the most committed people need support and encouragement.

The 3 most important tests that your doctor or primary care provider will recommend are the ABCs:

  1. A1C is a blood test taken every 3-6 months to assess glucose control
  2. Blood pressure should be checked every time you see your doctor or health care provider.
  3. Cholesterol. The amount and type of fats in your blood should be checked about every year.

The type of diabetes you have in addition to the results of these tests and your own personal circumstances will help your health care providers to develop a plan for your health.

For More Information

Call your doctor or primary care provider

Call Health Links- Info Sante

Health Links – Info Santé is a province-wide service that offers triage services, health information and referral, and nurse advice. This innovative service, the first of its kind in Canada, is staffed by specially trained, experienced professional nurses who offer advice to callers 24 hours per day, 7 days per week, providing a range of services which includes symptom assessment and triage, referral to the most appropriate level of care, and general health information and teaching.

In addition to providing answers to caller's questions, Health Links – Info Santé assists callers in finding health resources in their communities, and is able to provide this service in over 100 languages, utilizing a translation service.

To reach a Health Links-Info Sante nurse call 788-8200 or toll-free 1-888-315-9257.

Check out the Canadian Diabetes Association website

Visit www.diabetes.ca

Find out more about the Get Better Together Series and consider attending the no cost sessions near you

Get Better Together! is a research-based program for anyone who is sick and tired of being sick and tired! The program is free and helps participants learn to manage health conditions better and cope with the challenges that health problems create in our lives.

To find out when a program will be running near you, or to inquire about becoming a Get Better Together! leader, call the Central intake line at 632-3927 or visit www.wellnessinstitute.ca.

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